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Panama's pre-Hispanic golden artifacts stored out of sight


Nine years ago, a trove of intricate gold artifacts were uncovered at a little-known archaeological site in Panama. The treasures dating from over 1,000 years ago included gold beads, strange ceramic pots, and chest plates engraved with delicate designs in forms such as a squid and human face.

Panama's pre-Hispanic golden artifacts stored out of sight
Pottery pieces discovered at El Cano archaeological site are displayed at the Fundacion el Caño, in Panama City, Panama.
 The pottery pieces were found in extensive pre-Columbian graves, some containing remains of as many as 42 people, 
starting in 2006 at El Cano. The elaborate tombs were constructed between 900 and 1020 AD by a largely unknown 
culture in an archaeological region known as Gran Cocle [Credit: AP/Arnulfo Franco]
But since their discovery by archaeologist Julia Mayo in 2008, those artifacts have also sat in bank vaults and preservation offices in Panama City, leaving the country's little-known archaeological heritage an unintentionally well-guarded secret because the country has no archaeological museum.

Despite Panama's growing commerce and tourism industry, visitors have little opportunity to find out about the country's rich past.

Panama's pre-Hispanic golden artifacts stored out of sight
Monoliths discovered in El Cano archaeologic site are displayed at Fundacion el Caño in Panama. Panama's 
archaeological heritage remains little known, despite the fact that researchers unearthed an amazing hoard of 
gold pre-Hispanic artifacts a decade ago. The anthropomorphic sculptures where discovered in in 1920's 
[Credit: AP/Arnulfo Franco]
Panama's pre-Hispanic golden artifacts stored out of sight
Gold pectoral with a design of a squid is displayed at the Foundation el Cano in Panama City. Hammered gold bracelets 
and chest plates are engraved with delicate designs, some suggesting surprising forms: a squid, and a smiling, fanged face.
There are gold beads, and strange ceramic pots with human features [Credit: Fundacion El Cano via AP]
Panama's pre-Hispanic golden artifacts stored out of sight
Gold earring discovered at the El Cano archaeological site, in Panama City. Hammered gold bracelets 
and chest plates are engraved with delicate designs, some suggesting surprising forms: a squid, and 
a smiling, fanged face. There are gold beads, and strange ceramic pots with human features 
[Credit: Fundacion El Cano via AP]
That has left dozens of the startlingly beautiful pieces largely hidden from public view, even as the number of visitors flocking to see the country's skyscraper-studded capital and massive interoceanic canal has more than doubled from 1.1 million in 2011 to 2.6 million in 2016.

The artifacts, which were found in extensive graves at the Necropolis of El Cano, a site 115 miles (185 kilometers) west of Panama City, include jewelry and decorative objects interred in rich burial offerings.

Panama's pre-Hispanic golden artifacts stored out of sight
Two men take photographs of a tomb at the archaeological site in El Cano, Panama. The elaborate tombs were constructed 
between 900 and 1020 AD by a largely unknown culture in an archaeological region known as Gran Cocle
[Credit: Fundacion El Cano via AP]
Panama's pre-Hispanic golden artifacts stored out of sight
Reconstructed pottery discovered in El Cano archaeological site, ready to be stored in a laboratory at the Fundacion 
El Cano, in Panama City. The pottery dates from between 900-1020 AD [Credit: AP/Arnulfo Franco]
Panama's pre-Hispanic golden artifacts stored out of sight
A pottery piece discovered in El Cano archaeological site is displayed at Fundacion el Cano, in Panama City. This ceramic 
pottery is decorated with geometric designs and it dates from about 900-1020 AD [Credit: AP/Arnulfo Franco]
The tombs, some containing remains of as many as 42 people, were constructed between 700 and 1020 AD by a largely unknown people in an archaeological region known as Gran Cocle.

As experts have worked to understand their cultural significance, however, they have also begun to turn their attention to establishing a permanent home for them.

Panama's pre-Hispanic golden artifacts stored out of sight
Partially reconstructed bowl discovered in El Cano archaeological site, in a laboratory at the Foundation El Cano, 
in Panama City. The bowl dates from about 750-900 AD [Credit: AP/Arnulfo Franco]
Panama's pre-Hispanic golden artifacts stored out of sight
Reconstructed pottery piece at the Fundacion EL Cano in Panama City. The piece was found in a tomb at El Cano 
archaeological site and it dates from about 900-1020 AD [Credit: AP/Arnulfo Franco]
Panama's pre-Hispanic golden artifacts stored out of sight
Pottery with pre-hispanic designs discovered at El Cano archaeological site in a laboratory at El Cano Foundation, 
in Panama City. The pieces date from about 900-1020 AD [Credit: AP/Arnulfo Franco]
Officials are working to remodel a now-closed archaeological museum in downtown Panama City and to open a site at the ruins to put the artifacts on display.

Panama City's Reina Torres de Arauz Museum was closed five years ago and is awaiting repairs, but is expected to be reopened in 2019.

Panama's pre-Hispanic golden artifacts stored out of sight
Dr. Julia Mayo shows a stone axe discovered at El Cano archaeological, site, at the Fundacion el Caño, 
in Panama City. The stone axe is about 1000 years old [Credit: AP/Arnulfo Franco]
Panama's pre-Hispanic golden artifacts stored out of sight
A worker pieces together shards of pottery that were discovered at El Cano archaeological site, at the Fundacion El Cano
 in Panama City. Panama's archaeological heritage remains little known, despite the fact that researchers unearthed 
an amazing hoard of gold pre-Hispanic artifacts a decade ago [Credit: AP/Arnulfo Franco]
Panama's pre-Hispanic golden artifacts stored out of sight
Carlos Mayo points to the location where artifacts were discovered at El Cano archaeological site, in a laboratory at the 
Foundacion El Cano in Panama City. After moldering for centuries in an offering-filled grave pit in the ruins of the 
Necropolis of El Cano, startlingly beautiful pieces are now hidden from public view in bank vaults or at a
 research facility [Credit: AP/Arnulfo Franco]
Orlando Hernandez, museum coordinator for the National Culture Institute, said the country's museums have long been in decline.

"The public is seeing the imperative necessity for Panama to have some museums that reflect the economic development that we have, but it is an old problem for almost 40 years and we can't fix it one day to the next," he said.

Panama's pre-Hispanic golden artifacts stored out of sight
People walk in front of the Reina Torres de Arauz Anthropology Museum, in Panama City. The museum was closed five 
years ago and is awaiting repairs, but is expected to be reopened in 2019 [Credit: AP/Arnulfo Franco]
Panama is currently the only Central American country without such a museum.

As a temporary fix in the meantime, officials hope to spruce up a small museum at the excavation site that could be used to display some of the discoveries.

Author: Kathia Martinez | Source: The Associated Press [November 16, 2017]
TANN

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