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Chinese archaeologists discover cave dwelling agrarian society


Chinese archaeologists have found a large amount of carbonized rice grains in caves dating from the Neolithic Age, challenging the conventional view that cave dwellers were solely hunter gathers and did not cultivate land for food.

Chinese archaeologists discover cave dwelling agrarian society
Stone arrowheads found in Nanshan ruins, southeast China's Fujian Province 
[Credit: Xinhua/Li He]
More than 10,000 grains were discovered at the No. 4 cave in the Nanshan ruins in east China's Fujian Province, which dates back 5,300 to 4,300 years.

Chinese archaeologists discover cave dwelling agrarian society
The Nanshan ruins, southeast China's Fujian Province 
[Credit: Xinhua/Li He]
At an ongoing international conference on prehistoric archaeology being held in Fujian, the archaeological team announced that this is the first cave-dwelling agrarian society ever found in China.

Chinese archaeologists discover cave dwelling agrarian society
Archaeologists work in the Nanshan ruins, southeast China's Fujian Province 
[Credit: Xinhua/Li He]
The finding is also rare worldwide, said Zhao Zhijun, a member of the team and also from the Institute of Archaeology of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences.

Chinese archaeologists discover cave dwelling agrarian society
An archaeologist shows carbonized rice grains in the Nanshan ruins, southeast China's Fujian Province 
[Credit: Xinhua/Li He]
The grains are believed to have been grown by the Nanshan cave dwellers, rather than being obtained by other means, because many farmland weeds were also found along with the grains, according to Zhao.

Chinese archaeologists discover cave dwelling agrarian society
Archaeologists work in the Nanshan ruins, southeast China's Fujian Province 
[Credit: Xinhua/Li He]
The team's studies on the remains of the cave-dwellers showed that they suffered dental cavities and other oral diseases that are common among humans in agrarian societies, said Wang Minghui, another team member and researcher with the institute. "It further proves that Nanshan residents mastered some agricultural techniques," Wang said.

Chinese archaeologists discover cave dwelling agrarian society
Pottery found in Nanshan ruins, southeast China's Fujian Province 
[Credit: Xinhua/Li He]
The finding has raised the question why the Nanshan ancestors continued to live in caves after beginning farming. It is traditionally believed that humans in agrarian societies would move from caves to more spacious homes due to explosive population growth.

Chinese archaeologists discover cave dwelling agrarian society
An archaeologist shows pottery found in the Nanshan ruins, southeast China's Fujian Province 
[Credit: Xinhua/Li He]
"The Nanshan finding offers a new perspective for prehistoric study. We must consider more possibilities when talking about where our ancestors lived and what they lived on," Zhao said.

Chinese archaeologists discover cave dwelling agrarian society
An archaeologist shows crystal found in the Nanshan ruins, southeast China's Fujian Province 
 [Credit: Xinhua/Li He]
Excavation of the Nanshan ruins started in 2012. Scores of caves, thousands of items made from pottery, stone and bones, as well as eight tombs and two reservoirs, have been found at the site.

Source: Xinhua [November 05, 2017]
TANN

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